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Shoulder Conditions

  • Rotator Cuff TearRotator Cuff Tear

    The rotator cuff is a group of tendons in the shoulder joint providing support and enabling a wide range of motion.

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  • Shoulder PainShoulder Dislocation

    Pain in the shoulder may suggest an injury, which is more common in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting.

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  • SubluxationSubluxation

    The shoulder is a highly mobile ball and socket joint. The ball of the upper arm bone (humerus) is held in place at the socket (glenoid) of the shoulder blade (scapula) by a group of ligaments. A partial dislocation of the shoulder joint is termed as a subluxation.

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  • Shoulder ImpingementShoulder Impingement

    Shoulder impingement is the condition of inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint. It is one of the most common causes of pain in the adult shoulder.

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  • SLAP TearsSLAP Tears

    The term SLAP (superior –labrum anterior-posterior) lesion or SLAP tear refers to an injury of the superior labrum of the shoulder. The labrum is a ring of fibrous cartilage surrounding the glenoid for stabilization of the shoulder joint.

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  • Arthritis of the ShoulderShoulder Arthritis

    The term arthritis literally means inflammation of a joint but is generally used to describe any condition in which there is damage to the cartilage.

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  • Frozen ShoulderFrozen Shoulder

    Frozen shoulder, also called adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by pain and loss of motion in the shoulder joint. It is more common in older adults aged between 40 and 60 years and is more common in women than men.

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  • Shoulder InstabilityShoulder Instability

    Shoulder instability is a chronic condition that causes frequent dislocation of the shoulder joint.

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  • Shoulder Labral TearShoulder

    The shoulder consists of a ball-and-socket joint formed by the upper end of the humerus (upper arm bone) and a cavity in the shoulder blade called the glenoid. The glenoid cavity is surrounded by a rim of cartilage called the labrum. The labrum adds depth to the cavity making the joint more stable and positions the ball within the socket.

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  • Shoulder DislocationShoulder Dislocation

    Playing more overhead sports and repeated use of the shoulder at the workplace may lead to sliding of the upper arm bone, the ball portion, from the glenoid–the socket portion of the shoulder.

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  • Little League ShoulderLittle League Shoulder

    Little league shoulder is an injury to the growth plate of the upper arm bone at the shoulder joint of children. It is an overuse injury caused by repeated pitching or throwing, especially in children between the ages of 10 to 15 years. This condition is mostly seen in baseball pitchers, but children in other sports who use improper throwing action are also at risk.

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  • Shoulder FractureShoulder Fracture

    A break in a bone that makes up the shoulder joint is called a shoulder fracture.

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  • Shoulder TraumaShoulder Trauma

    Shoulder injuries most commonly occur in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching and weightlifting. The injuries are caused due to the over usage or repetitive motion of the arms.

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  • Clavicle FractureClavicle Fracture

    Clavicle fracture, also called broken collarbone, is a very common sports injury seen in people who are involved in contact sports such as football and martial arts as well as impact sports such as motor racing.

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  • Glenoid FracturesGlenoid Fractures

    Fractures of the glenoid are rare but can occur due to major trauma or during high-energy sports activities.

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  • Proximal Humerus FracturesShoulder

    Fractures of the proximal humerus are common in elderly individuals suffering from osteoporosis. In younger individuals, a severe trauma such as a fall from a height on an outstretched hand or motor vehicle accident can cause these fractures.

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  • Baseball and Shoulder InjuriesBaseball and Shoulder Injuries

    Shoulder injuries in baseball players are usually associated with pitching. While this overhand throwing activity can produce great speed and distance for the ball, when performed repeatedly, can place a lot of stress on the shoulder. While pitching, the arm is thrown outward and backward to generate speed.

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  • Internal Impingement of the ShoulderShoulder

    Internal shoulder impingement can be described as a pathological condition resulting from repetitive impingement of the internal surface of the rotator cuff by the bones at the back of the glenohumeral joint. 

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  • Treatment of Throwing Injuries of the ShoulderShoulder

    Throwing injuries of the shoulder are injuries sustained as a result of trauma by athletes during sports activities that involve repetitive overhand motions of the arm as in baseball, American football, volleyball, rugby, tennis, track and field events, etc.

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  • Shoulder Labral Tear with InstabilityShoulder

    The shoulder consists of a ball-and-socket joint formed by the upper end of the humerus (upper arm bone) and a cavity in the shoulder blade called the glenoid.  The glenoid cavity is surrounded by a rim of cartilage called the labrum.

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  • Proximal Biceps Tendon RuptureShoulder

    The biceps muscle is the muscle of the upper arm which is necessary for the movement of the shoulder and elbow. It is made of a ‘short head’ and a ‘long head’ which function together. These are connected to the shoulder joint by two tendons called the proximal biceps tendons and to the elbow joint by a single distal biceps tendon.

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  • Long Head Biceps Tendon RuptureShoulder

    Your biceps muscle has two heads, a long head, and a short head, which are both attached to the shoulder. The long head of the biceps tendon is a tough band of connective fibrous tissue that attaches the long head of the biceps to the top of the shoulder socket.

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  • Multidirectional Instability of the ShoulderShoulder

    Instability may be described by the direction in which the humerus is subluxated or dislocated from the glenoid. When it occurs in several directions it is referred to as multidirectional instability.

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  • Massive Retracted Rotator Cuff TearShoulder

    A tear in the rotator cuff can cause pain and disability. It can occur from degeneration of the rotator cuff due to overuse or from a sudden injury. Massive rotator cuff tears involve tears in two complete tendons of the rotator cuff. A tear of more than 5 cm is described as massive.

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  • Hill-Sachs LesionShoulder

    Your shoulder consists of a ‘ball-and-socket joint’. The humerus (upper arm bone) has a rounded head (ball) that is attached to the glenoid cavity (socket) in the shoulder blade. Certain injuries can cause dislocation of the joint and damage to the humeral head. Damage to the back and outer portion of the humeral head can result in a defect called a Hill-Sachs lesion.

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  • Rotator Cuff PainShoulder

    Rotator cuff pain may be caused due to age-related wear and tear of the rotator cuff tendons in the shoulder, repeated overhead arm movements as performed during manual labor, sports activities such as pitching during baseball or playing racket sports and trauma such as accidents, direct blows to the shoulder, or falling on the shoulder.

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  • Periprosthetic Shoulder FractureShoulder

    A periprosthetic shoulder fracture is a fracture that occurs in the bone adjacent to a shoulder prosthesis. 

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